What are Kubernetes pods?

kubernetes pods

The pods are the smallest, atomic deployment unit of Kubernetes. when you deploy an application or if you want to run a single job in the Kubernetes cluster it will run with Pods. A pod is not directly a container, a container is not also looking like a Pod. It is an abstraction over containers.

  • It can contain 1 to many containers.
  • Containers in the same pod can see, share the same network, hostname, and storage attached to the pod.
  • If the pod is created individually without any run time abstraction (Replicaset, Deployment, etc) there is no life cycle management applied and care is given to the pod.
  • Pods can be labeled and grouped logically, functionally, etc.
  • All the attributes defined in the Pod definition file can be found in API ref doc

Here you can find a sample Pod definition/manifest file. the sample file name can be mypoddefinition.yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
   name: mywebpod
   	app: superweb
   - name: myweb-container
     image: nginx:alpine
     - containerPort: 80

This pod is containing 1 container and using nginx:alpine image and listening on port 80.

You can use kubectl command and create this pod via kubectl create -f mypoddefinition.yaml And we have many other kubectl commands to manage Pods via command line.

Kubectl CommandDescription
kubectl create –f mypod.yml Create the pod with given manifest file
kubectl get pods Get all the pods in default namespace
kubectl describe pods <pods-name> Get more info about a specific pod
kubectl get pods –o json/yaml <pods-name> Get pod definition file in json or yaml format
kubectl exec pods <pods-name> ping me.com execute a command in the pod namespaces(process, user, file, etc)
kubectl exec –it pods <pods-name> sh/bash Login into pod (Start a shell program in the pod namespaces)
kubectl logs -f <pod-name> Get the logs of a pod, -f is tailing logs

You can do CRUD operations on the pods if you have enough permissions on them.

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